When you’re diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it’s important to learn how to live with it. Working with your healthcare team to make a personal plan can help you focus your efforts and try to keep yourself on track. Goals like eating healthy, staying active, taking your medications as prescribed, and monitoring your blood sugar can be important aspects of diabetes self-management. This may seem like a lot at first, but you can take small steps until they become a normal part of your routine.
Helpful tips for type 2 diabetesself-management
As with all decisions concerning your management of type 2 diabetes, it is important to work with your healthcare team to determine what is right for you.
Create a meal plan
Your healthcare team can help you create a healthy eating plan. A healthy meal plan can help you adjust how much and what kinds of foods you eat. A healthy meal plan may help you stay on target for your blood sugar and weight goals.
Be sure to ask your healthcare team when you should take your diabetes medicines. You can even ask them to update your list of medicines and when to take them at each office visit. Be sure to tell your doctor about any changes to your health or about any changes in the medicines you are taking, both over-the-counter medicines and prescription medicines.
Check your blood glucose (blood sugar) if your doctor told you to do so
Checking and recording your blood glucose levels can help you monitor and better manage your diabetes. If your blood has too much or too little glucose, you may need a change in your healthy eating plan, physical activity plan, or medicines.
are allergic to dapagliflozin or any of the ingredients in FARXIGA. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include skin rash, raised red patches on your skin (hives), swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing. If you have any of these symptoms, stop taking FARXIGA and contact your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away
have severe kidney problems or are on dialysis. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check how well your kidneys are working before and during your treatment with FARXIGA
What are the possible side effects of FARXIGA?
FARXIGA may cause serious side effects including:
Dehydration (the loss of body water and salt), which may cause you to feel dizzy, faint, lightheaded, or weak, especially when you stand up (orthostatic hypotension). You may be at a higher risk of dehydration if you have low blood pressure; take medicines to lower your blood pressure, including water pills (diuretics); are 65 years of age or older; are on a low salt diet, or have kidney problems
Ketoacidosis occurred in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes during treatment with FARXIGA. Ketoacidosis is a serious condition which may require hospitalization and may lead to death. Symptoms may include nausea, tiredness, vomiting, trouble breathing, and abdominal pain. If you get any of these symptoms, stop taking FARXIGA and call your healthcare provider right away. If possible, check for ketones in your urine or blood, even if your blood sugar is less than 250 mg/dL
Kidney problems. Sudden kidney injury occurred in people taking FARXIGA. Talk to your doctor right away if you reduce the amount you eat or drink, or if you lose liquids; for example, from vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive heat exposure
Serious urinary tract infections (UTI), some that lead to hospitalization, occurred in people taking FARXIGA. Tell your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms of UTI including a burning feeling when passing urine, a need to urinate often, the need to urinate right away, pain in the lower part of your stomach (pelvis), or blood in the urine with or without fever, back pain, nausea, or vomiting
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can occur if you take FARXIGA with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as sulfonylureas or insulin. Symptoms of low blood sugar include shaking, sweating, fast heartbeat, dizziness, hunger, headache, and irritability. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for treating low blood sugar
Bacterial infections under the skin of the genitals and areas around them. Rare but serious infections that cause severe tissue damage under the skin of the genitals and areas around them have happened with FARXIGA. This infection has happened in women and men and may lead to hospitalization, surgeries and death. Seek medical attention immediately if you have fever or you are feeling very weak, tired or uncomfortable and you also develop any pain or tenderness, swelling, or redness of the skin in the genitals and areas around them
Vaginal yeast infections in women who take FARXIGA. Talk to your healthcare provider if you experience vaginal odor, white or yellowish vaginal discharge (discharge may be lumpy or look like cottage cheese), or vaginal itching
Yeast infection of skin around the penis (balanitis) in men who take FARXIGA. Talk to your healthcare provider if you experience redness, itching, or swelling of the penis; rash of the penis; foul smelling discharge from the penis; or pain in the skin around penis. Certain uncircumcised men may have swelling of the penis that makes it difficult to pull back the skin around the tip of the penis
Increase in bad cholesterol (LDL-C). Your healthcare provider should check your LDL-C during treatment with FARXIGA
Bladder cancer. In studies of FARXIGA in people with diabetes, bladder cancer occurred in a few more people who were taking FARXIGA than in people who were taking other diabetes medications. There were too few cases of bladder cancer to know if bladder cancer was related to FARXIGA. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have blood or a red color in your urine or pain while you urinate
The most common side effects of FARXIGA include yeast infections of the vagina or penis, and changes in urination, including urgent need to urinate more often, in larger amounts, or at night.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking FARXIGA?
Before you take FARXIGA, tell your healthcare provider:
all of your medical conditions, including problems with your kidneys, liver, bladder, or pancreas
if you have had, or have risk factors for, ketoacidosis (including type 1 diabetes, are eating less due to illness, surgery, or a change in your diet, are going to have surgery, or binge drink)
if you are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. FARXIGA may harm your unborn baby
if you are breastfeeding, or plan to breastfeed. It is unknown if FARXIGA passes into your breast milk
about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements
What is FARXIGA?
FARXIGA is a prescription medicine used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes.
FARXIGA should not be used to treat people with type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in your blood or urine).